Is it a condition to refrain from the evil in order to command the good and forbid the evil?

Alhamdulillah was-Salaatu was-Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolil-llah,

The noble Shaykh Muhammad bin Sa’eed Rslaan haifthahul-llah said in his amazing book (the virtue of seeking knowledge p580): “the plausible is the scholar can enjoin the good even if he does not do it and he can forbid the evil even if he does it. For that each of enjoining the good and preforming it is an obligation and abandoning one of them does not exempt from the other one according to the plausible opinion of scholars”.

Ibn Katheer rahimahul-llah said in his Tafsir 1/85 of verse 44 in Al-Baqarah {Do you order righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Then will you not reason?} : “The point is Allah has rebuked them for that they were enjoining the good but they were not doing it. And it is not the point to rebuke them for enjoining the good and abandoning it rather it is for abandoning it. Verily, enjoining the good is a good act and it is an obligation on the scholar. However, the obligation and what is more befitting on the scholar is to perform the good alongside those whom he commanding and not to fall behind them as Shu’aib ‘alyhis-salaam said in Hud verse 88 {And I do not intend to differ from you in that which I have forbidden you; I only intend reform as much as I am able. And my success is not but through Allah. Upon him I have relied, and to Him I return}. For that each of enjoining the good and performing it is an obligation and abandoning one of them does not exempt from the other according to the plausible opinion of the scholars of past and present. And some of them adopted that the person who is committing sins cannot forbid others from them and that is weak. And weaker than it is them clinging on this verse while there is no evidence for them in it. And the plausible is the scholar can enjoin the good even if he does not perform it and he can forbid the evil even if he commits it. Imam Maalik rahimahul-llah said: from Rabee’ah: I heard Sa’eed bin Jubair saying: if it was that the person should not enjoin the good and forbid the evil unless he is flawless no one would enjoin the good and forbid the evil. Maalik commented: he said the truth. And who is flawless? Then Ibn Katheer said: however in such case he is rebuked for abandoning the obedience and committing the disobedience for that he is aware of his breach. And the he who knows is not like he who does not know”.

Imam Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir As-Sa’dee rahimahul-llah said in his Tafsir on the same verse {44 in Al-Baqarah}: “there is nothing in the verse that says the person can abandon enjoining the good and forbidding the evil if he does not perform what he enjoins. For that the verse indicated rebuking in comparison to the two obligations. Otherwise, it is known that there are two obligations on the man: enjoining other than himself and forbidding him, and enjoining himself and forbidding it. So abandoning one of the two [obligations] is not an exempt to abandon the other. For that, the perfectness is when the man does both obligations, and the complete deficiency is to abandon them both. As to establish one of them and abandon the other, it is not in the rank of the former [doing both] and it is above the latter [abandoning both]. Verily, the souls are created with the nature of not surrendering to the person whom his action contradicts his speech, for that they take example from actions more than mere speech”.

Ibn Hazm said in Mudaawatun-Nufoos p85: “if it was that only someone who is free from evil can forbid it and only someone who gathered the good can enjoin it no one would forbid an evil nor command a good after the Prophet peace is upon him. And suffice you a corruption and bad nature is of the person whom his opinion takes him to such”.

An-Nawawee rahimahul-llah said in Sharh Saheeh Muslim 1/218: “the scholars said: it is not a condition that the person who is commanding the good and forbidding the evil is in perfect conditions, whereas he is practicing what he is commanding and refraining from what he is forbidding. Rather, he must command even if he was neglecting what he is commanding, and he must forbid even if he was committing what he is forbidding. For that, two things are obligatory on him: 1-to command and forbid himself 2- to command and forbid other than himself. So if he neglected one of the two, how can it be permissible to neglect the other one?”.

Is-haaq bin Ahmad Al-‘Athlee said in Ath-Thayl ‘alaa Tabaqaatil-Hanaabilah 2/206: “rather, the lower forbids the higher, and the transgressor forbids the obedient”

Shaykh Hamad bin Ibraheem Al-‘Uthmaan haifthahul-llah said in his amazing book (things that divert the person from the truth, p82): “and those people- i.e. those who make the condition of the person who speaks the truth an excuse to reject his speech- if the true Mahdee came out they would deny him, and they would not support him because of what they know about his past. Ponder and pay attention to what the Prophet peace is upon him said about Al-Mahdee: “Allah will rectify him in a night” Musnad Ahmad 1/84 and Al-Albaanee graded it as authentic in As-Silsilah As-Saheehah 5/486

Shaykh Hamad haifthahul-llah said in the same book and chapter, page 85-86: for some to think that he who commits a sin or slips, he must abandon the righteous deeds such as teaching, forbidding evil and enjoining good is without a doubt ignorance and a speech without knowledge. Matter of fact, it is a Raafidhee mentality because they take the religion only from an infallible”.

Conclusion: it is not a condition to perform the good and refrain from the evil in order to be qualified to enjoin the good and forbid the evil. However, it is befitting on the person who takes on his shoulders such honorable and huge responsibility of enjoining the good and forbidding the evil to lead others by example more than speech to avoid being a cause of rebelling laymen from the goodness he is calling to.

We ask Allah to make us from those whom the Prophet peace is upon him said about them: “You are the best of people to people, you bring them chained by necks to enter the religion of Allah” narrated by Abu Hurairah-Allah is pleased with him- in Sahihul-Bukhaaree 4557.

And Allah knows best.

Your brother,

Abu Bakr bin Ahmad Ath-Thibyaanee on the night of Monday 20-12-1433

download article in PDF:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/8rfx9dqznf6gbg1/Is%20it%20a%20condition%20to%20refrain%20from%20evil%20in%20order%20to%20command%20the%20good.pdf

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s